Everyone has been there. On the playground, one girl snatches another girl’s hair and pulls her off the swing. The lunchroom in which, “the cruel child” knocks over a younger boy’s tray, causing his food to fall out. In the classroom, a group of students mocks the class’s youngest student for being stupid. This article provides guidance on How does bullying affect your child’s psychology?
Bullying is cruel and futile from an adult’s perspective, but it is, unfortunately, a common occurrence in childhood. When bullying takes place, the victims become more questionable.
As with any public discourse, this will eventually result in confusion, misunderstanding, and misinterpretation on the part of the audience. The confusion and address the misunderstandings and misconceptions concerning bullying that have occurred recently and historically should be need to extract.
How does bullying affect your child’s psychology?
Mental Health Consequences of Bullying
If you know, a child bullied at school, watch for indicators such as withdrawal at home, declining grades, and a desire to avoid school. Bullying has both short- and long-term consequences. Short-term effects of bullying can include:
- Fear, anxiety, and isolation
- Sadness and melancholy
- Negative Thinking
- Losing interest in previously appreciated activities
- Trouble sleeping
- Having trouble concentrating
- Use of alcohol or drugs
- Enhanced likelihood of suicidal thoughts and actions.
- Reading Interest
When bullying is directed at someone because of their minority status, it is very harmful. In schools, homophobic bullying is a significant problem. It is more predominant than racism, sexism, or religion-based bullying. Bullying can be extremely harmful and cause assumed self-hatred
If you deal with anxiety, you will be familiar with the “fight or flight” instinct that kicks in during an anxiety episode. That rush of adrenaline and beating heart gives you everything you need for survival – and disables everything else, including your decision-making skills.
There is good neuroscience supporting these arguments. The front part of the brain is responsible for decision-making. According to a 2016 study published in The Journal of Neuroscience, anxiety reduces activity in this region. Worry slows down and disengages the portion of the brain necessary for making sound decisions. No surprise you feel paralyzed by indecision!
Anxiety might result in indecision, but it can also have the opposite effect. You may make hasty, ill-considered judgments to escape stress or because you’re emotional condition prevents you from thinking clearly. Worry can make it more challenging to digest all the information required to make sound decisions accurately.
Lastly, anxiety can also cause us to choose the “safe” option. This option may be the best, but it may not be. And if your concern has led you to make poor decisions in the past, you may become even more concerned when making decisions.
The Stress Neuroendocrine Response
Stress has pervasive effects on physiology and the brain, modulates the levels of numerous hormones and biomarkers, and ultimately influences behavior. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is activated by psychological and physical stressors, including being the victim of bullying (Dallman, 2003; McEwen and McEwen, 2015). The function of HPA and other hormones is to facilitate adaptation and survival, but chronically high hormone levels can potentially be problematic. The understanding of pre – teen distress in general and, if recognized, comprehending specific correlations among distress and bullying can bringing awareness the long-term repercussions of bullying.
Mental and Social Repercussions
According to Hawker and Boulton’s review from 2000, psychological issues such as sadness, anxiety, and self-harming behavior, particularly in girls, are frequent after bullying. There may also be following externalizing issues, particularly in males. Rueger and colleagues (2011) discovered a consistent contemporaneous link between peer victimization and mental instability about temporality. The psychosocial and intellectual consequences of kids who faced prolonged victimization throughout the school year were very positive
Difficulties with Social Interaction
Social pain refers to the painful feelings that follow peer pressure, exclusion, or loss. For instance, one victim of bullying summarized the emotional toll of his experience by stating, “I feel like they’ve been beating me with a stick for the past 42 years” (Vaillancourt et al., 2013a, p. 242).
The overlapping brain systems of physical and social pain may explain why people tend to utilize physical pain metaphors (e.g., “It broke my heart when she called me ugly.”) when describing humiliation, oppression, or rejection (Eisenberger, 2012). Eisenberger and Leiberman (2004) stated that these fMRI findings represent correlations between pain and the anterior cingulate cortex and may reflect other activities of that brain region, such as identifying conflict or errors, differing concepts or aims for the task, or individual differences in task difficulty.
Bullying is a significant problem with grave consequences for victims, perpetrators, and onlookers. The problem is compounded by a mentality of indifference, a legacy from a time when bullying was widely tolerated.
This commences with a culture of openness and interventionism. This can be difficult for adults, so imagine how terrible it is for children. Adults must therefore take the initiative and lead by example. We must continue to promote public dialogue about the impact of bullying to eradicate it. We have to let our children know that they may confide in us about anything and that we will support them. Children do not always have their voice. This must be our voice.
Article Submitted by: Oliver Goodwin
Oliver Goodwin is Seattle-based enthusiastic tech researcher.
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